Naval Legends: Battle of Tsushima

Naval Legends: Battle of Tsushima

They were designed to be the best… they met enemies face to face, endured tragedies and enjoyed victories… they went down in history due to the bravery of their crews… they are the ships that deserve to be called “Naval Legends!” In this episode: living heroes of Tsushima. In a Japanese town Yokosuka, 100 km
away from Tokyo, Battleship Mikasa is permanently anchored. And four thousand marine miles away from her, cruiser Aurora is anchored in one of the quays
of the Neva River in St. Petersburg Although these ships belong to different types
and their stories are very different, there is a common moment in their biography: both ships participated in a major naval battle,
the Battle of Tsushima, that was the culmination of the Russo-Japanese War in the beginning of the 20th century… In 1895, Japan defeated China and occupied the Liaodong Peninsula where a warm-water seaport, Port Arthur was located. This port was very important for the Russian Empire. Together with European states, Russia used military and political pressure
to make Japan renounce that peninsula, and later signed a contract of lease of that territory
with China for 25 years. Using the opportunity of the Yihetuan Movement,
also known as the Boxer Rebellion, Russia expanded into Manchuria and Korea. The Japanese were very worried by the expansion policy and decided to start preparations to reinforce their fleet. Within seven years, the Japanese fleet was reinforced
by four new cruisers and four battleships. Battleship Mikasa, built in British dockyards, became the most powerful new ship of the Land of the Rising Sun. Cruiser Aurora was built in Russia during the same period. This was just a small part of a large scale program
aimed at enhancing the country’s military potential at sea: The creation of the major Pacific Fleet. But they failed to fully implement the program: on February 9, 1904,
Japanese ships attacked Russian fleet near Port Arthur. They also attacked Cruiser Varyag and Gunboat Korietz
in the Korean port Chemulpo The Russo-Japanese War began… From the first days, this war was unfortunate for Russia: Varyag and Korietz were sunk, and the Russian Pacific Squadron was blocked in Port Arthur by the Japanese fleet. After a little while, Battleship Petropavlovsk tripped a mine and sank with the Fleet Commander—Vice Admiral Stepan Osipovich Makarov on whom high hopes were placed—on board. Later the battle in the Yellow sea developed
and though the Japanese suffered significant losses, they didn’t let the Russian ships break through to Vladivostok. Due to all of this, the Japanese fleet
dominated in the theatre of war. In April 1904, Russia started the formation of the Second Pacific Squadron: for the first time in the history of the world fleets,
a menacing unit of over 30 warships of different classes and age set off on a prolonged trip— from Libau (now Liepaja) to Port Arthur,
round Africa and crossing the Indian Ocean. Overall, about 20,000 miles were covered— this is almost the length of the equator. The conditions were very severe as we didn’t have any naval bases. And we didn’t have allies to help us throughout the voyage… During this unprecedented crossing,
the Russian seamen heard about the loss of the First Squadron and were reinforced with ships
under the command of Rear Admiral Nebogatov With this lineup, the Second Pacific Squadron
entered the Korea Strait. Its Commander—Vice Admiral Rozhestvensky—
decided to take a shortcut to break through to Vladivostok… Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky was born in 1848. He had experience commanding a number of Russian ships, he knew naval diplomacy perfectly well,
he was the right person in the right place… To understand his role, you need to know a lot and experience the bridge of a Headquarter ship in that moment. The morning of May 14, 1905, was gloomy. The Russian fleet didn’t even try to hide: Rozhestvensky simply declared war. He even gave up on reconnaissance because he was sure
that Japanese warships would meet them in the Korea Strait. Soon ships from the combined fleet
of the Imperial Japanese Navy appeared from the damp haze. They pursued a parallel course and were commanded by Vice Admiral Togo Heihachiro who appointed Battleship Mikasa to be the Headquarter ship. Togo Heihachiro was born into a Samurai family of Kagoshima. When he was 18 years old, he participated in the Anglo-Satsuma
War as one of Samurai. Then, after the establishment of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, he enrolled there to study the theory of naval science. Selected from the lower Samurai class,
Togo quickly progressed in life and managed to attain a high rank whilst fighting several battles. He knew the real nature of war from his experience. When Admiral Togo was assigned to the commander
of the combined fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Emperor Meiji asked his Navy Minister:
“Is Togo good enough for this position?” The minister answered, “Yes, because he has a great deal of personality
and is known as a very lucky guy”. The Emperor was satisfied with that comment. Overall composition of the participants’ forces before the Battle of Tsushima. The Second Pacific Squadron of the Russian Empire: 8 battleships 3 coastal battleships 3 armored cruisers 2 large protected cruisers 3 small protected cruisers 1 cruiser 2nd class 1 auxiliary cruiser 9 destroyers 7 support vessels. Japanese Combined Fleet: 4 battleships 1st class 8 armored cruisers 2 large protected cruisers 10 small protected cruisers 1 battleship 2nd class 3 cruisers 2nd class 3 torpedo cruisers (aviso) 21 destroyers 43 torpedo boats Gradually, the Japanese fleet
started approaching the Russian squadron. Admiral Togo took a risk straight
away preparing to envelop the head of the adversary’s ship
column with a circular maneuver. At the same time, Russian battleships opened preliminary fire the Battle of Tsushima began at 13:49… People say that Togo employed the tactic of “Crossing the T”
in the Battle of Tsushima, taking position ahead of and perpendicular to the adversary’s ships. But the actual maneuvers of the ships were like this… Togo’s real tactics was more of a “rotating attack”, which was similar to the classical “Kuruma Gakari“ formation
of Uesugi Kenshin in medieval Japan. At the very beginning of the battle,
a signal flag appeared on Battleship Mikasa: “The fate of the Empire rests on the outcome of this battle.
Let each man do his utmost.” Moving fast, Mikasa concentrated her
fire on Battleship Knyaz Suvorov at the beginning of the battle. In return, several Russian ships fired at Mikasa immediately. Russian salvoes were considerably precise at first: within the first 15 minutes, Togo’s battleship was hit
by 19 large- and medium-caliber shells, including five 305-mm rounds But the Japanese fire was more precise, and the damage from the adversary’s
attacks was less significant. During the battle, luck was on Togo’s side. Most shells of the enemy fleet hit
Mikasa amongst the Japanese ships, during what became known
as the Battle of Tsushima. Admiral Togo standing on the bridge
near the compass of the Headquarter ship survived. Meanwhile, Rozhestvensky was observing the battle
from the conning tower of his ship. A shell flew into his compartment and exploded,
badly wounding the Vice Admiral’s head. The battle continued for
over 40 minutes more before the Russian Squadron
Commander received a second wound. During this time, one Russian battleship sank,
and two other battleships were seriously damaged. A third ship took lead of the squadron
trying to break through to Vladivostok. Admiral Togo maneuvered to change the engaged side: his Division 1 turned en masse
taking a course away from their adversary and thereupon turned around to open fire
on the Russian ships from the left side. As a result of this maneuver, the
firepower of the Japanese ships became as powerful as it was at
the beginning of the battle. At the same time Battleship Borodino,
heading the Russian ship’s column, passed the Japanese squadron on an opposite course and approached the Russian cruisers that protected transport. Aurora was part of the cruiser division headed by Rear Admiral Enqvist, who received an order to cover the squadron transport ships. Together with Cruiser Oleg,
they joined the battle 40 minutes after it started: when the transport ships were
attacked by eight Japanese cruisers and the old Battleship Zhenyuan Our ships were caught in densely aimed fire from the adversary. Hits followed one after another: the explosion from an 203-mm high-explosive shell
shook the whole cruiser. Two guns were taken out of operation—
one in the battery room, and the other on the upper deck. But despite all the damage,
Aurora skillfully maneuvered at almost maximum speed, battled with, and managed to break through the enemy’s line. …they had high morale. 150715NOTHSFSHIP They were prepared for battle, for victory, and naturally willing to sacrifice themselves. …Japanese shells exploded nearby,
and Aurora was pierced by shell fragments… During the battle, nine people were killed; one of them was an officer, a ship commander, and dozens of people were left injured… After 3 hours of battle, the line of the Russian squadron was heavily broken. Badly wounded, Vice Admiral Rozhestvensky
placed the squadron under the command of Rear Admiral Nikolai Ivanovich Nebogatov. Japanese Battle Division 1 headed by Mikasa
was moving eastward along a parallel course and was reaching the head of the Russian column again. The final battle of the day was extremely dramatic— two Russian battleships were sunk one after another within 20 minutes… During their rotating maneuver, the Japanese ships fired all their shells, using broadside guns and guns at the front and rear. On the other hand, the Baltic fleet
hardly managed to fire their front guns. The “circle attack” of the Japanese fleet was so effective—
the opponent had no chance to escape. The sun set, the battle was over. The remaining squadron ships continued to move towards Vladivostok. Aurora—as part of cruiser division—sailed to the left
of the squadron’s main body along a parallel course, in total darkness, with its light turned off. But Admiral Togo wasn’t going to let
the remaining Russian ships go… If the Baltic fleet had reached the area around the Tsugaru Strait, almost half of the fleet
might have been able to escape into Vladivostok. In this situation, the rest of
the fleet would have conducted raiding causing the annihilation
of the Japanese army in Manchuria. That’s why the Baltic fleet had to be completely destroyed. For this reason, night attacks from the torpedo boats
started after the daytime battles. Using these tactics, and the power of Mikasa,
Japan managed to defeat Russia. On the following day, with the remaining ships shot down, all hulls breached, and surrounded by the enemy’s fleet, Rear Admiral Nebogatov surrendered to Vice Admiral Togo. Only four cruisers and three torpedo boats
managed to escape the Tsushima trap. Aurora was one of them: countering torpedo boat attacks, escaping 17 enemy torpedoes,
the cruiser avoided being captured and sunk. Losses for the forces after the Battle of Tsushima: The Second Pacific Squadron of the Russian Empire: 19 ships sank in the battle, 2 ships were blown up by their own crew 5 ships and 2 hospital ships were captured by the adversary. Captured: 3 cruisers, 1 destroyer 2 auxiliary vessels. Broke through to Vladivostok: 1 cruiser 2nd class (aviso) 2 destroyers. Out of 14,334 Russian seamen and officers, 5,015 were dead, 803 were injured, and 6,106 were captured. Japanese Combined Fleet: 3 torpedo boats sank
699 men were killed and injured. After the Battle of Tsushima,
the Russian fleet practically ceased to exist in the Pacific. And soon a treaty of piece was signed,
that was obviously unfavorable for the Russian Empire. Since that time, 110 years have passed. And there are only two ships left
that participated in that dramatic battle— a Japanese and a Russian one. Today, Mikasa and Aurora are not just monuments; they are a history of the world’s shipbuilding that you can touch in the truest sense of the word.


  1. Russian Emperor was classic idiot, he managed to bring Empire that seemed immortal down, during just couple of decades of his rule. Russian armada didn't even had order to get into battle with Japanese fleet, they had order to reach Vladivostok so all they tried to do is just to break through rather than engage enemy. They paid with their lives and honor for this stupidity.

  2. That funny moment, when you realized: in the video 13:32 When they say: "2 Russian Battleship were sunk…"
    On the screen it's the sinking of the Austro-Hungarian Battleship SMS Szent István. 😀

  3. Russian tzar was traitor and a scumbag – was saving on his army and navy, in particular on shells for the navy artillery exercises. This is just a small example. He was a bitch and foreign to Russian people.

  4. これを再起動すれば、北朝鮮は1時間で滅ぼせる

  5. 1945年8月15日、大日本帝国はポツダム宣言を受諾し






    20170628 22:53

  6. I don't think you can do justice to this battle without covering the journey since that showed how badly the russians were from the start they were disorganized and badly in need of refit before the japanese even opened fire. The other key element was the japanse scout plan to search for the russians. with these two elements in place the battle was pretty much decided before the first shot was fired.

  7. in 1905, Top class soldiers of Japan were Samurai originally. they were very flexible to fight with Russia. On the other hand, Russia's top class soldiers were bureaucratic.
    In WW2, Career soldiers of Japanese navy were bureaucratic to fight with USA.They were not Samurai, they were just bureaucrats to avoid responsibility.

  8. So no mention of the Russian attack on British fishing Boats in the North Sea when sailing to the Far East because these Russian f**k whits thought they were Japanese warships.18,000 sailing nautical miles from Japan!

  9. Would i be correct in thinking that these are the only two ships preserved to have participated directly in the same battle on opposing sides?

  10. Went to primary school in Yokosuka. Went to the Mikasa park numerous times. Love this WG series. I hope to get to Petrograd sometime soon. to see the Aurora. and the island forts.

  11. 日本から失礼します

  12. I'm sick of Wargamings blatant racism in this game. Come on! Where's the African navy? Banana boats and Somali pirates

  13. Omitted by the Russian narrative , of course , was the fact that Kaiser Wilhelm II granted the Russian fleet portage in Tsingtao allowing them to coal and scrape the enormous collection of barnacles off the hulls of their vessels accumulated during their extended voyage. I seem to recall that the British denied the Russians passage thru the Suez canal , which is not surprising, in view of the fact that the British were financing Japanese industrialization as well as selling them fleets of warships.

  14. When 3 British fisherman killed by Russian Ships,a big British Naval Force which consisting from 28 War-Ships, appeared near Spain,and Russians was about to almost get destroyed,but St.Petersburg apologized and paid compensation.

  15. lazy production. it included famous footage of a WW1 austro-hungarian dreadnought sinking to pad it out and add drama, but from a different age and different war. in consequence all other footage questionable

  16. Famous Japanese proverb: After a victory, tighten your helmet strap.
    The meaning being that victory leads to over confidence. Had Japan not achieved such a brilliant victory over the Russians at Tsushima, she might have been less confident about attacking America…..

  17. I own the Bell from the Imperial Russian Battleship PERESVET that took part in the Battle of PORT ARTHUR. Can anyone explain how it ended up in the UK ?

  18. Home sea advantage won out for the era. Yes competent training from the English played a major role, especially from one island nation/empire to another. But the safety net of home waters added support as well as urgency – it was Russia's first Vietnam. (Please don't make me explain the pun)

  19. When 3 British fisherman killed by Russian Ships,a big British Naval Force which consisting from 28 War-Ships, appeared near Spain,and Russians was about to almost get destroyed,but St.Petersburg apologized and paid compensation.

  20. Russia declared war on Japan and was seen like 3 times better armed at sea but Russian Admirals were superidiots and the crew was really demoralised because they hated the Zarpen and the Russian administration. This and the genius ideas of the Japanese generals have won the war.

  21. The Russian military was modelled on that of France. As Tolstoy wrote it: 'the French are our gods.' It is built around a charismatic military genius. The problem in 1812 was that Alexander, while loved, was a novice general compared to Napoleon. From a tactical point of view, everything depends on the commander. Lieutenants aren't trained to act independently. The command structure is paralyzed if the leader is incapacitated.

  22. There is one thing is not accurate, the three cruisers that got away did not "break through to Vladivostok, they were taken SOUTH to the neutral American port of Manila, Philippines.
    Vice admiral Oscar Enkvist ordered the Oleg south, together with the Aurora and Zhemchug where he and his squadron were interned by the Americans until the end of the war.

  23. The battleship at time index 13.34 is not russian. Its the austrian battleship Szent Istvan after being torpedoed by an italian torpedoboat during World War 1.

  24. When the last Tsar of Russia was given the telegram that his navy had been anhialated he read it put in his pocket and went back to playing his tennis game. He as later executed in the basement of a modest house along with his entire family by firing squad and bayonet.

  25. The Japanese speakers is classy in that suit respect dig the hat as well this was the greatest showing of the battle thank you

  26. So, again, the Anglo-sax won this battle and the war. They built all the major Japanese battleships to contain Russia.

  27. The Ottoman Empire help japan by being neutral as they told the russia black sea fleet that it cannot use the strait to enter the med sea.

  28. 1905년.러일전쟁는 일본승리했지만.대한제국독점적 영향력을 얻기위해. 전쟁을 선택하였다.청일전쟁와.조선의 지배권을 놓고
    1894년 1895년 청일 벌인 전쟁으로.일본제국승리했다.

  29. 조선황제는 전쟁 준비도대피도않아고. 1900년 대한제국인구는 18.000.000.만명.조선군사력는 50.000.명받게안돼다.
    러일전쟁.일본승리했지만. 러시아는패만되어다.1910년일본는 일본침략받고 한국를 일본시민지되어다.

  30. This kind of stupidity among Russian offices, encourages old uncle Staling to send them all to Gulag… then making Russia a superpower.

  31. I'm a Brazilian. This war was the beginning of the end, for the last tsar. I also put Japan into a megalomaniac state that ended, only in 1945.

  32. I really admire the russinas doing this video because although its a battle in which Russia lost completly, they managed to narrate it in an objective attitud, mean while in China, talking Japanese army and navy are not encouraged in public, sometimes showing their flags and name of the ships and famous generals are forbidden in the Internet, because our government say that they are warcriminals.
    I don't think its a right decision to do so, at least the public has the right to the true histroy of its own country.

  33. アジアの小さな島国である日本は、ユーラシア大陸に位置する広大な国であるロシアの極東侵略から、日本だけになく朝鮮等のアジアをも護りきり、日露戦争に勝利した。これは誇りに思うべきである。

  34. I remember a few years back, reading an article on Tsushima from the Russian perspective, and I honestly felt sorry for the Russian admiral in charge. The whole voyage from the Baltic Sea to Tsushima was like a horrible carnival of errors, incompetence and plain bad luck, and this man was expected to somehow emerge victorious in spite of the universe seemingly conspiring against him. The fact that he kept striving to do the task he had been charged with right to the end is utterly remarkable. And even more remarkable (in my opinion, at least) is that, if you could somehow tell him this, he’d probably respond something along the lines of, “I was only doing as was expected of me”.

  35. They got more torpedo boats it's a GG so Russia never thinks. Also they never survey the enemy class boats. Russia never send a spy or a Intel man to help win the war. US win WW2 by Intel man on Pacific theater battle naval.

  36. ミーイングリッシュノー



  37. I wonder how the Japanese fleet would have faired against the Royal Navy instead of what can only be described as a Russia disaster waiting to happen.

  38. Russian lost because their ship is suck they just can reach 9knot but japanese is better than them idk how fast japan ship

  39. I find the history of the Russia actions prior to this engagement a fantastic read. The events really did seem to set them up for defeat even before the battle.

  40. Interesting story, nice video, good quality.😀😀😀😀😀😀😀😀😀

  41. 10:17 The real truth here is that Japanese shells during this time were of a much higher quality than their Russian counterparts. It wasn't precise fire that crushed the Russian fleet, it was devastating barrages of HE shells that actually exploded.

  42. 12:44 "They had high morale" pffft HAHAHAHAHA ! Amazing how he can say that with a straight face when written history showed how bad the Russian morale was even BEFORE the battle started. Also a funny but true incident, the Aurora was actually shot by her own friendly ships during the voyage towards Japan, and she was shot at more than once lol !

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