Naval Legends: USS Iowa | World of Warships

Naval Legends: USS Iowa | World of Warships


They were designed to be the best… they met enemies face to face, endured tragedies and enjoyed victories… they went down in history due
to the bravery of their crews… they are the ships that deserve to be called “Naval Legends!” In this episode: Battleship Iowa: a
Trump Card That Was Never Played In the 1930s, the whole world was crazy
about two things: swing music and… guns. The passion that politicians
and industrial moguls showed to the latter had all
the signs of gigantomania. By finding legal loopholes in international
arms control treaties and conventions, or simply ignoring them, countries were constantly building new
and unprecedented weapon systems, for both land and sea. They were becoming bigger, heavier, and more powerful. The global arms race involved
the most advanced technologies of the time and huge
financial resources. In order to compete with any
of our potential enemies enemies it was felt necessary to
increase the size of our ships. So the Iowa was a
45,000-ton battleship. The prior ships had been
less: the South Dakota-class and the North Carolina-class. A battleship is basically a
floating artillery battery, so her size directly depends on
the size of her primary guns. The 16-inch main batteries
on battleship Iowa, of which there are
three, three turrets. Each turret has three guns… Everything about the ship design
is structured around becoming… being a platform for
the 16-inch guns. It’s like small arms: there is a common
misbelief that the pistol is designed first, and then the cartridge. No, the Defense Ministry
always orders the cartridge. The same for ships: the
enemy has 15 inches and 12 inches Let’s make 16 inches, because we already have
some of the technologies. But let’s not make it 40, but 50 calibers
long. And they made a 16-inch gun. So the ship was built to
carry this particular gun Key Specifications
of Battleship Iowa Total displacement: 57,540 tons Length: 887 feet 6 inches Beam: 108 feet 3 inches Draft: 36 feet 1 inch Armament: Primary armament: Nine Mark 7
guns in three triple turrets Caliber: 16 inches Maximum range: 24 miles Dual-purpose artillery: 20 Mark 12 guns in 10
coaxial Mark 28 turrets Caliber: 5 inches Anti-aircraft armament:
19 quadruple Bofors guns 52 Oerlikon Mark
2/3/4 autocannons Air group: 3 Vought OS2U
Kingfisher floatplanes During construction,
Iowa’s armor was declared higher than it actually was,
in order to mislead the enemy. The real specifications
are as follows: Main belt: 12.1 inches Main turrets: 7.2–17 inches Conning tower: 7.2–17.3 inches Main armor deck: 6–7 inches Iowa has the most powerful
power plant among battleships. Four geared turbine engines with eight turbines produced
by General Electric. Eight boilers produced
by Babcock & Wilcox Power: 212,000 hp Maximum speed: about 33 knots Cruising range: about 20,000 nautical
miles at a speed of 15 knots Battleship Iowa had a very unique
hull design and the bull nose. And you can also see that her lines
were very tapered, almost aerodynamic. …and that’s all part and
parcel of how they got this 57,000-ton behemoth
up to a speed of 33 knots. …which is very, very
fast and almost… you could say it’s
almost power boat speed, you know, very unusual
for a warship… This became an important
advantage later on, during the war in the
Pacific Theatre. With a speed like that, Iowa could
efficiently escort carrier task forces. They put about 140 20-mm and 40-mm
anti-aircraft guns on the ship, and the carriers loved them because
they were able to protect the carrier. When Iowa was still under
construction, the Americans realized that she would play a secondary role
in battles against the Japanese fleet. Aircraft carriers were becoming the
main striking force of the navy. But a giant like Iowa played a
worthy role in the world war, too. The battleship Iowa was
commissioned in early 1943. Its first mission
on was to go north… Naval intelligence felt that the
Tirpitz, the German battleship, may be coming into
the North Atlantic. The battleship Iowa was sent on an early
mission north to block the Tirpitz. Suppose battleships Iowa
and Tirpitz met in battle. Iowa had higher speed, greater
maneuverability, and longer range of fire. Tirpitz would be trying
to get in close to Iowa, and Iowa would be
looking to keep away, maneuvering and firing at
Tirpitz from a great distance. Iowa would have definitely
won this battle. But the two naval heavyweight
warriors never met, so we can only imagine how
their duel would have ended. Then, their second mission, on
October 12, 1943, was to accompany, or I should say, carry Franklin Roosevelt
across the Atlantic to North Africa. From there he went on to visit Churchill
and Stalin in the Tehran Conference. Roosevelt was on board
the ship for 15 days. When President Roosevelt came on board,
the first thing he saw was Vicky. Now, the first captain,
Captain John McCrea, brought this little
dog home one day. And his wife looked
at the dog and said, “Get that thing out of here.” So Captain McCrea took the dog
and brought him on the ship. And President Roosevelt asked
“Who is this little dog?” And Captain McCrea said, “Well, that’s
our little ship’s mascot, named Vicky.” So Vicky spent the
whole 15 days of the Roosevelt’s passage in the
cabin with Roosevelt, he would roll or play tricks. While he wasn’t very
good as a sailor, he was very good as a dog. And Roosevelt really
enjoyed Vicky. In early 1944, battleship Iowa joined
the United States Fifth Fleet, which operated in
the Pacific Ocean. By that time, US forces were already attacking
Japanese positions on various islands. The battleship’s role was to provide
fire support to landing troops and escort aircraft carriers during
air raids on the Philippines, the Ryukyu Islands, and Taiwan. …the ship crisscrossing
across a lot of these small islands that are
really forgotten now. At one point they went up
to support MacArthur’s landing in the Philippines
at Leyte Gulf. And unfortunately they
went the wrong way at Leyte Gulf and chased
a Japanese carrier force that was really a
decoy for the landing. They came back, but a little too late
to assist in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. They missed that one opportunity to
maybe have a contact with the Yamato. The two ships never
met in combat; and both countries kept their
capital battleships at, shall we say arm’s length,
kept them at distance, because there was great
political risk to having either one of the ships
damaged severely in battle. Japanese industry, in
those days, simply didn’t have the resources to build
ships in large numbers. The solution was simple: to
make huge ships that would exceed the largest ships of other
nations—super battleships. Battleship Yamato is the biggest
battleship in the world. Her shell velocity was 2,600 ft/s while its weight could
be up to 3,300 pounds Such a large gun could
inflict very serious damage. They beat us. The Japanese
essentially broke the treaty. On the other side, Соединённые Штаты Америки. the United States of America
was simply building a ship that met the contemporary
requirements of naval warfare and could easily, without any extra effort,
be built by the American industry… During the war the Japanese fleet could
afford to build only two battleships, while the Americans were able to
construct more and more new battleships… The Americans were simply building another
ship, and she turned out to be a good one… The Iowa, I think (of course,
I would probably say this), would’ve taken the day in a
battle against the Yamato. She had very accurate fire
control for a ship of the 1940s. And I think that would be an advantage for
her if that ship fights such a battle. It was so accurate that in 1984,
when they recommissioned the ship, they kept the existing system in place,
even though they had modern computers. The Iowa could put a round
very, very close to the target, so accurate that they
didn’t need to change it. Iowa was the most dangerous
enemy for Yamato. If they had met at a range from
from 66,000 to 98,000 feet especially in a one-on-one
fight and in fine weather, Iowa would have
no chance of winning. However, thanks to better radar Iowa
could fight in bad weather and at night. Powerful guns, high speed, and precise
radar made Iowa a formidable adversary. If these two battleships
had fought each other, the victory would depend completely
on the battle conditions… …We could get in quick and fire. But
then there’s always the lucky shot. The changing tactics of naval warfare
increased the role of aircraft carriers and deprived Iowa of a chance to use its
primary armament against surface ships. So the battleship used its firepower
against the enemy’s coastal positions. On August 29, 1945, when the
war was virtually over, Iowa stood side by side with her sister
ship Missouri and entered the Tokyo Bay as part of the occupation force. We were next to our sister
ship, the Missouri. And the Missouri, of course,
is where Douglas MacArthur accepted the final
surrender of the Japanese. Now, we like to say on the
Iowa that had Roosevelt lived, that signing might have been on the
Iowa, because he had been on this ship. But President Truman
was from the state of Missouri, and so the signing
was on the Missouri. A sailor that was on
that trip once told me… I asked him if he was sad that he didn’t
get the signing instead of the Missouri. And he said, “No, not really. The war was over, we had lived, we were
going home to our wives and children, and all the guys on the
Missouri were busy preparing a photo opportunity for
Douglas MacArthur.” At the end of the war, we brought
back a large number of American POWs, Japanese prisoners of war… And we brought them home and sailed
through the Golden Gate bridge. And the war was over. For her service in World War II, the battleship
was decorated with nine battle stars. In 1949, Iowa was decommissioned into
the reserve fleet, but two years later she was recommissioned and sent on
a mission to the coast of Korea. The battleship returned home
with two more battle stars. From 1958 to 1984, Iowa was
kept in reserve, and after modernization she returned
to active service again. However, the event that took
place in the late 1980s showed that battleships can also sustain
losses outside of wartime. On April 19, 1989, the biggest tragedy
that ever struck this ship occurred. The ship was about 400 miles
or so north of Puerto Rico. As I understand it, they had loaded
the shell in the Number 2 turret, rammed in the powder, and they were about to
close the breach when something happened. There was an explosion
that killed 47 men… It was by far the biggest
loss of life on the ship. Having recovered from the
tragedy, the battleship returned home and joined
the reserve fleet. In 2001, 58 years since her launch
by the New York Naval Shipyard, after she had crossed tens
of thousands of miles and fired thousands of
shells at the enemies, battleship Iowa was berthed
in the Port of Los Angeles. She’s unique, because she did
have three careers in the Navy: World War II, Korea,
and the 1980s. And then now she’s on her fourth
career as a museum ship…

100 comments

  1. Who would have really have won, Yamato or Iowa? I heard different things. The Iowa had more efficient armor, because it was placed at more crucial places on the ship.

  2. It was sad to mention, I was on the Coral Sea Exercise, when number 2 gun exploded into the ship! 39 sailors died. What highly disturbs me the US Navy tried to blame the accident on one sailor! By the way I wasn't in the Navy at the time I served in Air Force, E-3 Sentry AWACS.

  3. I hate the game after the last major update where you never level up anymore it seems a bit strange how you changed everything which is why I barely play the game anymore!

  4. if the yamato and iowa battled the iowa would win i think but if the the yamatos shell hit it would have torn a hole in the ship

  5. USS Iowa (BB-61)砲塔爆炸事件曾被拍成電影,死亡官兵人並非英勇陣亡。
    而是該艦上校艦長為了「打更遠、創紀錄」,讓砲塔士官裝更多炸藥包。
    結果炸藥包先炸,毀了砲塔室;當時軍艦甲板上還有一位二星少將。

  6. Don’t be surprised if they bring back the USS Iowa and Missouri we need them they can be refitted.

  7. The same way the Iowa would have kept off the Tirpitz, the Yamato would have been able to keep off the Iowa in a one-to-one fight.

  8. Este buque es una joya, EEUU debería reactivar los 4 con una actualización se convierten rápido en los 4 mejores barcos que surcan los mares del mundo

  9. My Dad was on the USS North Carolina from its commission in April 1941 through 1945. I inherited his battle diary when he passed away in 1997. I heard his war stories about all the engagements he fought in my entire life. Guadalcanal, Solomons, Tarawa, Iwo Jima, Okinawa… he was there. I miss him so much. He was truly a war hero in my eyes.

  10. WARNING!
    Don't fk with my girl because will fk your day up.
    Attention!
    When the guns fire that means some poor fool, Done fk'd up.

  11. Thank you so much for making this excellent video. It was a great snapshot of the USS Iowa and her career in the United States Navy and the people that served aboard her and kept us safe.

  12. I'll say it now say it again activate the Mighty Mo the Iowa the Wisconsin and I forget that last Battleship you put those over there you put them in the Straits of Hormuz Iran and put them between China and Taiwan and they will all stand from the East and the West at attention salute those ships that was a defuse any situation when a shell is the size of a Volkswagen coming to your 26 miles down range it'll be Goodnight Irene

  13. Iowa, with it's superior radar fire control, speed and maneuverability would quickly disable Yamato fire control system after which Yamato would became gunnery practice target.

  14. "Battleship Yamato is biggest battleship ined world"…. No, Battleship Yamato WAS being the biggest battleship ined the world (SUNK April 7, 1945)

  15. My older brother was part of the last crew to serve on her, and was aboard when the gun turret exploded. We waited 33 days before the Department of the Navy let us know he was alive or not. They released no information about any crew members as the investigation commenced.

  16. Imagine what a point blank shot with all turrets hitting plus having heavy ammunition would do to a destroyer

  17. I'm still leaning towards an Iowa victory against a Yamato. Faster loading speed & ballistic capabilities makes the 16inch a formidable answer to a heavier 18inch main gun on a slower & arguably a less accurate Yamato.🤔

  18. Maybe they are old but the Iowa and her sister ships are by far the most gorgeous ships i have ever seen, sadlly not in person 🙁

  19. Tell us about how the navy tried to cover up the explosion by pinning it on an innocent soldier and then fought (twice) the wrongful death lawsuits of the family.

  20. We don't know if she's gonna have her fifth carrier. Maybe become unmanned battleship or converted into space cruiser.

  21. You can only Assume it'd Win but actually put into the Situation you never know the Bismarck could have fucked the that Iowa up. At this point it's all Guessing

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  23. Necro post, but I really like the Russian historian guy. He is excited for truly powerful things that were operated and worked well, and less so for things that didn't. All his info, EVER, that I've heard in these videos were SPOT ON for what facts I did know.

  24. 15:30 sure is odd that a simple signature carries so much weight. I'd sign, and then say fuck it here i go again. Or if someone else signed, I'd say it wasnt me and keep going lol shit i duuno

  25. Im an one the biggest battleship fan ever, so when world of warships came out, i was happy, but i cant find the game on google play, pls fix this.

  26. I want to see a video of the effect of a 16” barrage on a land target. My uncle told me
    What he saw after a fire request that ended up being from the New Jersey but I want to something. Any pictures from of that?

  27. We also had a trade embargo with 🇯🇵 after they invaded 🇨🇳 and that severely hampered their war efforts. Their lack of resources was a major contributing factor to their defeat in the Pacific Theater.

  28. my dad was a plank owner on her 1942 meaning first 88 sailors to board the iowa bb61 . fired the 40 mm guns , I got twenty names of those who served he wrote down, he wrote down all the places they went to, until end of the war .

  29. I had the opportunity to tour her in San Pedro, California about 2 years ago. Her engineering was absolutely overwhelming and amazing. Such a powerfull behemoth!

  30. The Yamato didn't met a fare battle but I guess, the Yamato would have won by ship to ship, aircraft not included in the battlefield.

  31. I really respect World of Warships, you folks really do your homework for these legendary ships. The more people are shown these vessels the more I think they'll have an appreciation for their engineering and battle prowess. Also the sacrifice of the sailors who sailed these behemoths.

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