US Navy vs British Royal Navy – Army / Military Comparison

US Navy vs British Royal Navy – Army / Military Comparison


Since the end of World War II, the US and
Britain have been close allies, supporting each other through countless minor and major
conflicts. But how do the navies of these two nations
compare? That’s what we’ll find out, in this episode
of the Infographics show, US Navy vs British Royal Navy. At the height of its power, Great Britain
ruled over an empire so large that it was famously said, the sun never set on it. Through a powerful navy, this small island
nation exerted its influence across the globe, remaining on top of the world order for hundreds
of years. The US, by comparison, has historically fielded
a much smaller navy, though its stunning victories have become maritime legend. After World War II, with the decline of the
‘old’ powers, the US invested heavily in its navy, and quickly became the premier naval
power of the modern age. So how do the two navies stack up against
each other today? After the grueling wars in Iraq and Afghanistan,
both nations are facing problems in the manpower department. For the Royal Navy though, this has meant
the mothballing of two of its most powerful ships due to a lack of qualified personnel. Though it’s 2020 plans call for a force of
82,000 sailors, it’s highly unlikely Britain will achieve this goal, as it currently only
holds 32,000 seamen on active duty with 3,000 in reserve. By comparison, the US Navy fields a force
of over 319,000 active duty personnel with almost 100,000 in the reserves. However, though the US has not suffered from
a loss of ships due to a lack of personnel, its sailors- many of whom have been on rotating
six-month deployments for over a decade- are facing historic rates of low morale and ‘deployment
fatigue’. While the Royal Navy has new ships in construction,
it has also faced severe cutbacks to its budget, which has reduced the number of total ships
in its inventory to 73, of which only 30 are combat ships, with the rest being support
or patrol craft. The US, meanwhile, has increased the budget
of its navy, and not only has a new generation of ships coming online, but is actively increasing
the size of its inventory. As it stands, the American navy fields a force
of 284 ships, of which 160 are combat ships, though new budgets call for a total force
of 308 total hulls by the mid 2020s. As the vanguards of any modern navy, the aircraft
carrier is arguably the single most important ship in any fleet. The US currently operates 10 Nimitz-class
supercarriers with 2 of its next-generation Ford-class supercarriers coming online soon,
and six more in acquisitions. US Nimitz supercarriers are the largest warships
ever built, at a length of 1,092 feet (333 meters) and a total displacement of over 100,000
long tons. Each supercarrier hosts an air wing of 90
aircraft, though unlike any other navy, American carrier air wings comprise a ‘total strike’
package of fighter, strike aircraft, early warning, electronic warfare, and airborne
refueling aircraft- making each supercarrier a mini-airforce onto its own. Through its carrier air wings alone, the US
maintains a force of 900 total aircraft. The British Royal Navy fields only a single
aircraft carrier, the HMS Queen Elizabeth, though a second Queen Elizabeth-class carrier
is currently under construction and expected to be operational in 2020. As the largest ship ever built for the Royal
Navy, the Queen Elizabeth comes up shy of its American cousins at 920 feet (280 meters)
and a displacement of 64,000 long tons. It is equipped with 40 total aircraft to include
dual-purpose fighter-strike aircraft and airborne refueling. However, due to a lack of arresting gear and
catapult launch system, the Queen Elizabeth can only launch STOVL (or Short Take-Off and
Vertical Landing) aircraft which places a severe restriction on the size of a weapons
package each plane can be equipped with versus an American plane. As the second-most important element of a
modern navy, submarines make up a sizable portion of a naval complement. The Royal Navy currently fields 10 total subs,
with 6 guided missile submarines and 4 nuclear ballistic missile submarines. Of its attack subs, 3 are of its new, modern
Astute class and 3 of the older though still formidable Trafalgar class. The United States, by comparison, deploys
a total of 66 submarines, of which 52 are nuclear-powered attack subs and 14 are nuclear
ballistic missile submarines. Of its attack subs, 34 are of the aging Cold
War era Los Angeles class, which, along with the 3 Seawolf class still in service, are
being replaced by the next-generation Virginia class of which 15 are already in service. Destroyers make up the bulk of a navy’s surface
warfare component, with the flexibility to provide both fleet defensive and offensive
capabilities. The US currently has 67 destroyers, of which
65 are of the Arleigh Burke-class, the first ship designed around the formidable AEGIS
combat system. In service since 1988, the US Navy plans a
future purchase of 24 more ships upgraded to the Type III variant. This leaves it with 2 of 3 planned Zumwalt-class
destroyers, with any future purchases canceled. Though currently the stealthiest surface ship
in the world, the Zumwalt-class has been plagued with cost overruns and a lack of mission focus. This lack of focus, combined with the cancellation
of specialized ammunition for its main cannon which would have cost a whopping $800,000
a shell, has prompted America’s congress to cancel development of more ships, though the
high-tech lessons learned have already been incorporated into future ship designs. The Royal Navy currently operates only 6 destroyers
of the Daring class. Replacing the Sheffield class, the Darings
are primarily focused on anti-aircraft and anti-missile roles, leaving them with a lack
of anti-ship or land-strike capability versus the American Arleigh Burkes. However, their focus on anti-air and anti-missile
missions has many defense industry experts on both sides of the Atlantic considering
them the best air defense ships in the world. Unfortunately the future of Britain’s destroyer
fleet is in serious question, as originally 12 Daring-class destroyers were planned for
procurement, only to have the number drop to eight and then to finally only the six
currently in service. The designation of Cruiser, or Frigate, has
varied in meaning over time and across navies; it was originally the designation for scout
and patrol ships during the age of sail, and today it fits a niche that blurs the lines
between different classes of ships. Modern cruisers sit somewhere between the
roles that World War II destroyers offered as anti-aircraft and anti-submarine support
and a battleship’s capabilities to hit surface ships and land targets. Of the cruiser designation, the Royal Navy
currently operates 13 ships of the Type 23 or Duke class. Originally designed to counter Russian subs
in the North Atlantic, the Type 23 still remains primarily an anti-submarine ship, though it
has shown great versatility in air defense and land-attack roles over the last three
decades. Equipped with only 8 American-made Harpoon
anti-ship missiles though, Type 23 ships remain dependent on other escorts for protection
from enemy surface ships. The Americans, meanwhile, operate 22 Ticonderoga-class
Cruisers. At a displacement of 9,600 long tons, the
Ticonderogas are twice the size of their British counterparts, though this is due to their
multi-role design. Equipped with Tomahawk cruise missiles, a
Ticonderoga can strike targets on land or other ships while simultaneously defending
against incoming air or missile threats with its SM-2 and longer-range and more advanced
SM-6 missiles. Unlike the Royal Navy’s Daring class, the
American Ticonderogas are also equipped with the RIM-161 Standard Missile 3- a high-speed
and long-range missile developed exclusively to destroy incoming ballistic missiles, though
in the mid 2000s, the US Navy demonstrated an ability to destroy enemy satellites with
it as well. With over three times the number of ships
and personnel, the US Navy is significantly larger than the British Royal Navy. On the whole, American ships are better equipped
to handle a variety of threats, making a single American ship more threatening to a potential
adversary than its British counterpart. Yet British naval planning has for decades
been focused on augmenting the capabilities of their close American allies, not countering
them. American and British forces have for a long
time trained and operated together, yet it is their navies which are more intimately
linked than any other branch of the armed forces. With its commitments to deterring aggression
in the North Atlantic from a resurgent Russia, and Chinese military expansionism in the South
China Sea, the US Navy may be the most formidable force on the high seas, but it would find
itself hard pressed to conduct its global mission of keeping the high seas free and
open to all without its partnerships with close allies such as the British Royal Navy. So, which navy do you think is stronger and
better? Let us know in the comments! Also, check out our other video called American
Cops vs British Cops, how do they compare? Thanks for watching and as always, don’t
forget to like, share and subscribe. See you next time!

100 comments

  1. When we get out of the European union the budget will increase as we won't send billions and billions to the European union each year. And they won't tax us on what we earn through their provided trade deals. 🇬🇧🇬🇧🇺🇸

  2. After WWII Britain lost its colonies and stopped being a major force. They're more a complementary force now.

  3. The glory days of the British Royal Navy are gone forever. It has a great history for a small island nation, say what you will. It will be difficult for the RN to increasingly maintain itself in the coming decades as the UK leaves the EU and the UK economy goes into a tailspin in the coming years as brexit really begins to take affect before it stabilizes. It will take lots of money and great political will to make the RN strong and formidable in the coming decades.

  4. The U.S. invested heavily in a Navy well before WWII. In fact, there was a maritime arms race which created the conditions for the disarmament treaty in 1921. One could argue that the U.S. was a top 3 navy since the Great White Fleet.

  5. The English are classy, economically stable, smart and can be quite ruthless…..hence their empire. BUT!? 1 on 1 England vs America in a war? England will lose.

  6. And we are going to increase the size of the US Navy to meet any threat anywhere. Truth be known the US Navy is designed to fight 2 wars simultaneously. We had to do this in WW2. The Atlantic Fleet had to contend with the U-Boats and keeping Supply Lines open. The Pacific Fleet had to take on Japan.

    The US has no choice. We cannot sleep because there is always a Russia or China out there who cannot be trusted.

  7. U.S.A army,1.2 million people
    British army:about 113,000 people
    Don’t get me wrong,when there’s a war that number is going to go up no matter which country but that’s how many greatly skilled soldiers fighting(when theirs a war)

  8. I'm American, but I think it would be awesome to be in the British Royal Navy with all of it's incredible tradition to go along with it's capability.

  9. Hma queen Elizebeth can carry much more than 40 aircraft. It is designed so that catapults could be fitted if needed and it is made for helecopters and f-35s which don’t need hugely long runways.

  10. All I'm gonna say is this channel is byast towards America eg according to them America can take ove the world lol

  11. It would be more accurate to describe the Royal Nazy as an SDF (self-defence force) for the UK and the 51st state of the USA.

    For the last several decades the US and UK have worked together on a plethora of projects. The USA still has its secrets and US-only things but if you are talking about the US Navy then it's BAE and other British engineers who designed and built the rail gun for the US Navy. Historically there's radar and again today we share R&D for certain aircraft, intelligence structures and so forth. Some parts of the UK military are in vogue with the USA precisely because they are cheaper. A certain US-made missile costs $14 million, while a modern UK missile with better accuracy and all-round capabilities, costs $100K

    In anything important the US and UK are the same force (NATO) so it's kind of pointless to rival military branches. Maybe do the USA + UK vs the EU or vs China + Russia + Iran

  12. I think, that if the us absolutely needed to, it could put some battleships back into service like the Iowa.

  13. Wow Britain has the money and the power but lacks the population and has heavily cut military funding

  14. The British are Americans are best friends we fight together have each other’s backs as a Brit I would rather America have top spot than the Russians or Chinese

  15. This is like comparing the Royal Navy from the 1700's with that of the US's navy at the time, its just not needed and we know the answer already. I guess its just for fun but seems kind of silly.

  16. I really liked how you chose to conclude this video making it clear that Great Britain's navy isnt about competing with American navy, but working to compliment eachother perfectly to work together for the security across all seas.

  17. you forgot to add the queen elizabeth class carriers are the most man power efficient, i.e. it takes far less sailors to operate it at full capacity than any other due to it being very automated more so than any other carrier.

  18. This is incorrect, the United States has round 204 ships in the Pacific Fleet alone. The total is more around 400-500

  19. I wish that the UK would regain the Navy power it had in WW2. Back then, it had over 300 warships and was the strongest Navy in the war. At least, it has the feared and powerful SAS to be proud of, but I still wish it regained it's old naval power.

  20. USA's military budget is insane, USA spends more on military and defence than China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, India, France, UK, Japan & Germany combined.

  21. Было бы весело на это посмотреть. Не всё же славянам друг дружке глотки рвать.

  22. are there any battles still fought at sea? aside from deterrent i thought the navy was now mainly for carrying the other forces over to where they need to be or for humanitarian aid so why do we still need combat ships?

  23. Interesting that the new Daring Class destroyer design was chosen by the Canadian government for their new generation warship.

  24. This Will NEVER happen. The UK and US will and always will be best of friends who will ALWAYS have each others backs. Love from UK.

  25. I wouldve joined the royal navy/marines but the rampant racism people of colour face there fully put me off. Theres nowhere in the UK that is more racist than the military

  26. Like comparing a fox to a lion. They are both strong in their own right but one is a lot bigger than the other 😂.

  27. Love the comments. People watch a couple 5 minute YouTube videos, and all of a sudden they think they're history professors and have to "educate" everyone else.

  28. "Aging Los Angeles class fast-attack submarine". Ugh. That made me feel old. I served aboard the USS Springfield SSN 761. A Los Angeles class. Heck, The first of the Seawolf class just begun sea trials by the end of my enlistment…. AND this video is over a year old! Man… I am old!😆

  29. Why should England have a large Navy? or any of our allies for that matter? They rely on us for keeping the world safe and secure.

  30. Of course why would England build a navy when they have the USA to lean on they can spend all there pounds on banning knifes and putting people in jail for facebook posts. F%CK ENGLAND

  31. I don’t agree with this video at all because it is a terrible comparison. How are you going to compare a country that is nearly 40 times bigger than the other? If you do the math, for their size, the Brits are still more powerful. The US is nearly 40 times bigger than the UK yet the US only has a navy 6 times bigger. The UK has 30combat ships now and only had 30 combat ships during WW2 yet because of the Royal Navy, the British where the only country in Europe, Africa and Asia to not be defeated by the Nazis or communism. History has literally shown that size doesn’t matter as the tiny little island called Great Britain ruled the world for over 300 years, the US has only been a global power for 70 years.

  32. Of course the US has a better navy, they have more money and people. Even tho the royal navy isn't as strong anymore , there no denying it history as the best navy in the world.

  33. The UK mite be smaller but the UK are better traind and the UK's aircraft carrier is more advanced then the US's and the UK uses the Eurofighter better then the F-22 and F-35 the UK will and can beat the US in a navy war. and in air and ground and special forces war.

  34. It does not have a severe restriction on the aircraft carriers not having arresting wire. It is designed to operate the F-35 and the joint helicopter wing. Specially designed around those aircraft. Anyone who criticises for the QE carriers not being nuclear as well. The only advantage to a nuclear reactor is being able to power high power defences such as future lasers and rail guns. Apart from that there are no advantages. Before you say it never has to refuel that is just not true. You still have to stock the carrier with jet fuel, food, ammunition and rotate a crew. Now a single tank of fuel on QE class carrier can last longer than all of those other supplies. The only thing it doesn’t give is that exstrene power. Once the fuel is taking on other supplies it takes no extra effort to take on fuel

  35. Also just saying our new equipment on things like the Type 45 are considerably better in terms of early warning systems and radars than their american counterparts. The most recent NATO exercise proved this.

  36. I know this probably isn't true anymore… but it's still class🇬🇧

    When Britain fi-i-irst, at heaven's command,
    Aro-o-o-ose from out the a-a-a-zure main,
    Arose, arose, arose from out the a-azure main,
    This was the charter, the charter of the land,
    And guardian a-a-angels sang this strain:
    Rule Britannia!
    Britannia rule the waves
    Britons never, never, never shall be slaves.
    Rule Britannia!
    Britannia rule the waves.
    Britons never, never, never shall be slaves.
    The nations, no-o-o-o-ot so blest as thee,
    Must i-i-i-i-in their turn, to ty-y–yrants fall,
    Must in their turn, to ty-y-rants fall,
    While thou shalt flourish, shalt flourish great and free,
    The dread and e-e-e-e-nvy of them all.
    Rule Britannia!
    Britannia rule the waves.
    Britons never, never, never shall be slaves.
    Rule Britannia!
    Britannia rule the waves.
    Britons never, never, never shall be slaves.✌

  37. I really wish that he mentioned the Royal Marines as they are under navy control not army so they are navy personnel and they are possibly the most elite (after navy seals and I think us marine corp but I’m not really sure what they do tbh but the navy seals are classed as a special forces group) amphibious assault force in the world and they can be amazing ground soldiers too as we showed off in Afghanistan

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